A hernia is a very common problem, many times you must have heard people say that they have a hernia or have had a hernia operation. Men and women alike are susceptible to this issue. The issue of a hernia arises when a person’s abdominal muscles weaken or a flaw is made.
Dr. Javed Rehman Ansari Infinity Care Hospital, Varanasi explains about Hernia, the problem of hernia arises when an organ or muscle, or tissue from the abdomen starts coming out with the help of a hole. For instance, the weak abdominal wall commonly allows the intestines to exit via a hole. Although they are more frequent in the belly, hernias can also develop in the upper thigh, middle abdomen, and groyne (the area between the abdomen and thigh). Although it normally has no apparent symptoms, hernias can occasionally cause extreme discomfort, which can be used to diagnose the condition.
Although a hernia often does not pose a life-threatening hazard, it does not heal on its own. Sometimes a hernia’s hazardous consequences can be prevented or treated with surgery.
Causes to hernia
Muscle strain and weakness together result in hernias. Depending on its cause, the hernia may grow quickly or take a while to form.
Common causes of muscle weakness include:
- A congenital defect is when the abdominal wall does not correctly seal inside the womb.
- chronic cough
- damage from injury or surgery, etc
Types of hernia
Both men and women can have different forms of hernias. It is also classified based on that. A hernia also has many types it decides based on its exit from any part, let us know how many types of it are –
- Inguinal hernia
- Umbilical Hernia (Umbilical)
- pubic hernia (femoral hernia)
- incisional hernia
symptoms of hernia
A hernia is frequently a minor, painless protrusion that does not seem to be an issue and does not need to be treated right away. However, hernias can sometimes cause discomfort and pain, with pain often becoming a symptom when standing, straining, or lifting heavy objects. Most people who have this kind of bulge or bulge expansion eventually visit a hernia specialist.
In some cases, the hernia requires immediate surgery, for example, when part of the intestine is obstructed or undescended by an inguinal hernia. If any of the following issues are present in addition to the inguinal hernia, or severe stomach discomfort someone complains of -, immediate medical treatment should be sought.
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- It is impossible to force the bulge back into the abdomen.
- In all these cases the swelling is usually a bit hard and a bit soft which cannot be pushed back into the abdomen.
The size and symptoms of your hernia will determine whether you require hernia therapy or not. Depending on how complicated your symptoms are, our specialist will inspect your hernia. The possibilities for hernia therapy are as follows:
- Lifestyle changes
- with the help of medicines
You can treat the symptoms of a hiatal hernia with dietary changes, but it won’t go away forever. Maintain your body weight, avoid eating too much or heavy meals, and avoid lying down or sleeping right after eating. Certain types of exercise help strengthen the muscles around the hernia site, which may ease some of the hernia symptoms. But it is necessary to consult with your doctor which exercise to do and which not to do.
If these changes don’t help you, you may need surgery. Additionally, avoiding meals that increase acidity or induce heartburn will help your hernia symptoms. In addition, quitting smoking will help you avoid acid reflux.
with the help of medicines
Prescription and over-the-counter drugs that lessen stomach acid can ease your discomfort and improve your symptoms if you have a hiatal hernia.
If your hernia continues to grow or is in increasing pain, your doctor can decide what is best to correct it. In surgery, Your surgeon could close a hernia in the abdominal wall during surgery. Typically, surgical mesh is used to fix the hole.
Hernias are corrected with open or laparoscopic surgery. Only a tiny camera and a few tiny surgical equipments are used during laparoscopic surgery. The surrounding tissue suffers less damage from laparoscopic surgery.
A hernia that requires open surgery may take a very long time to recover. Following the procedure, you might not be able to move about normally for around six weeks. It takes less time to heal after laparoscopic surgery, but it has a higher risk of hernia coming back.
You can’t always prevent muscle weakness. However, you can reduce stress from your body. This can help you avoid developing a hernia or stop a hernia from growing worse if you already have one. To prevent this, you can do these measures –
- don’t smoke
- See your doctor right away if you have a persistent cough or are sick
- Keep your weight right for a healthy body
- Avoid straining during bowel movements or urination
- lift objects with your knees, not your back
- avoid lifting heavy weights
It is very important to recognize the early signs and symptoms of a hernia. If left untreated, the hernia will not go away on its own. However, you can feel better and prevent its deadly repercussions by receiving early medical attention or changing your lifestyle.