Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes-Type 2, Also called: Adult-Onset Diabetes

In Type 1 diabetes, little or no insulin is produced and the cells cannot get glucose from the bloodstream. The glucose remains in the blood causing high blood glucose, also known as hyperglycemia. Without the insulin, your body cannot use glucose or the energy it supplies.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

There is not a single cause of type 2 diabetes.  There are many genetic, social, and environmental factors that play a role.  While you can inherit a tendency to develop the condition, excessive weight gain and/or physical inactivity can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  Studies have shown that controlling your body weight, eating a healthy diet, and regular exercise can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes even in those who are genetically predisposed.

Risk Factors and Symptoms for Type 2 Diabetes

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include but are not limited to the following:

Each person may experience the symptoms of type 2 diabetes differently. Often, those with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first and may not for many years. The most common symptoms include but are not limited to:

Managing Your Type 2 Diabetes

Often, type 2 diabetes can be controlled through weight loss, improved nutrition and exercise alone. However, in some cases, these measures are not enough and oral or injected medications are necessary.

Treatment often includes:


Regular follow up with your primary care doctor and eye doctor (ophthalmologist) and possibly a nutritionist or diabetes educator, an endocrinologist who specializes in diabetes, kidney doctor (nephrologist), foot doctor (podiatrist), and heart doctor (cardiologist)

To prevent type 2 diabetes, especially if you have been diagnosed previously with pre-diabetes or “borderline” diabetes, it is important to keep a healthy body weight and an active lifestyle.