Coronary Angioplasty

What Is Coronary Angioplasty?

Angioplasty opens blocked arteries and restores normal blood flow to your heart muscle. It is not major surgery. It is done by threading a catheter (thin tube) through a small puncture in a leg or arm artery to the heart. The blocked artery is opened by inflating a tiny balloon followed by stent placement and patient gets discharged within 48- 72 hours.

Why do I need it?

  • To improve your quality of life and decreasing Chest pain (angina)and other CHD symptoms
  • Allow you to resume a more active lifestyle
  • Improve the pumping action of your heart if it has been damaged by a heart attack
  • Lower the risk of a heart attack and dying (in some patients, such as those who have diabetes)
  • Improve your chance of survival
  • Prevent any sudden major mishappening

People with blockages in their heart arteries may need angioplasty if they are having lots of discomfort in their chest, or if their blockages put them at

How is it done?

A doctor numbs a spot on your groin or arm and inserts a small tube (catheter) into an artery.The catheter is threaded through the arterial system until it gets into a coronary (heart) artery. Watching and recording on a special X-ray screen, a very thin wire is crossed through the lesion and across the blockage. Over this wire, the balloon is inflated and pushes plaque to the side and opens the artery followed by stent placement to achieve good blood can flow more easily and helps keep the artery open.

Does angioplasty hurts?

  • No, angioplasty causes very little pain.
  • You’ll be awake and alert but may be given medicine to help you relax.

What about afterwards?

  • when the tube is removed from your leg or arm, a nurse or a doctor will usually apply direct pressure for 15 minutes or longer to the place where the catheter was inserted to ensure there’s no internal bleeding.
  • If the angioplasty is done through the arm, you won’t need to remain in bed
  • If angioplasty is done through the leg, for several hours you’ll lie quietly on your back and the doctors and nurses will check for any signs of bleeding or chest discomfort
  • Avoid heavy lifting or vigorous physical activity for 1-2 days after the procedure.
  • Learn about the risk factors you need to change to keep your heart healthy.